Allusion A figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance that has occurred or existed in an external context. ‘When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasn’t necessary. ” Ambiguity uncertainty or inexactness of meaning in language The lady hit the man with an umbrella. Anachronism A thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, esp.. A thing that is conspicuously Old-fashioned. Ye soft pipes play on Analogy A comparison between two things. Happily on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification. The clock ticked as loudly as thunder Analytical writing free from the fluff writing that may be used in creative writing Written essays Antagonist One who opposes and contends against another; an adversary Bob Lowell-To Kill a Mocking Bird Antihero Is typically clumsy, unsolicited, and unskilled and has both good and bad qualities. Googol-Lord tot the Rings Anaphora the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect My life is my purpose.
My life is my goal. My life is my inspiration Aphorism a statement of truth or opinion expressed in a concise and witty manner Youth is blunder; Manhood a struggle; Old age regret Apology A regretful acknowledgment of an offense or failure. “I’m sorry” Apostrophe a figure of speech sometimes represented by exclamation “Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How wonder what you are. LIP above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky. ” Anecdote A short and interesting story or an amusing event often proposed to support or demonstrate some point and make readers and listeners laugh.
The Crucible Argument the main statement off poem, an essay, a short story, or a novel that usually appears as an introduction or a point on which the writer will develop his n order to convince his readers. “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife’- Pride and P rejoice Assonance Takes place when two or more words close to one another repeat the same vowel sound but start with different consonant sounds.
Men sell the wedding bells Assumption the act of laying claim to or taking possession of something I made the assumption that he was coming, so I was surprised when he didn’t show up. Assonated omission of the conjunctions that ordinarily join coordinate words or clauses “l name, saw, conquered” Antithesis Two opposite ideas are put together in a sentence to achieve a contrasting effect. Love is an ideal thing, marriage a real thing.
Audience the people who watch, read, or listen to something The people watching the concert Begging the question assuming the conclusion (of an argument) think, therefore I am Bloodcurdling A special kind of novel that focuses on the psychological and moral growth of its main character from his or her youth to mature hood. David Copperfield Canon(canonical) of or relating to the group of books, plays, poems, etc. That are traditionally noninsured to be very important The Canterbury Tales, Carper diem the enjoyment of the pleasures of the moment oviduct concern for the future “Just DO It”-Nikkei Catharsis An emotional discharge through Which, one can achieve a State Of moral or spiritual renewal or achieves a state of liberation from anxiety and stress. “Here’s to my love! O true apothecary! Thy drugs are quick. Thus With a kiss I dill-Romeo and Juliet Schism’s Two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect. Never let a Fool Kiss You or a Kiss Fool You. Claim A statement essentially arguable but used as a primary point to support or prove an argument Animal Farm: They framed Ten Commandments when they expelled Mr.. Jones trot the Manor Form and this rule Closure a situation or occurrence in which something (such as a business or factory) closes forever A coat with a zipper Colloquialism The use of informal words, phrases or even slang in a piece of writing. To bamboozle – to deceive Connotation A meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing Vichy it describes explicitly. Shall I Compare Thee too Summers Day” -Shakespeare Consonance appetitive sounds produced by consonants Within a sentence or phrase The ship has sailed to the far offshore. Contradiction A combination of statements, ideas, or features of a situation that are opposed to one another. The sky is blue The sky is pink Controlling image/metaphor A figure of speech makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison been vivo things or objects that are poles apart from each other but have some characteristics common between them, My cousin was boiling mad.
Conventions It means a large body of words and sentences that flow along nicely because tot its relationship with sentence fluency. It’s a large, accurate paragraph paragraphs, short stories,etc, Deductive using logic or reason to form a conclusion or opinion about something we must conclude that since everyone eventually dies, sooner or later it’s going to be our turn Denotation Literal or dictionary meanings of a word in contrast to its connotative or associated meanings. And on a day we meet to walk the line And set the wall between us once again. We keep the wall between us as we To each the boulders that have fallen to each. “-Mending Wall Descriptive Detail detail intended to render a clear image or impression in a reader’s mind The tall RL with blonde hair and a red dress is standing next to the yellow punch bowl Dues ex machine The circumstance where an implausible concept or a divine character is introduced into a storyline for the purpose Of resolving its conflict and procuring an interesting outcome.
When Made is shown in the chariot of the sun god Hellos, the god himself isn’t present. From her vantage point in the chariot she watches the grieving Jason, The argument goes about that this specific scene is an illustration of the employment of the device within the plot of the tragedy. Devices a literary or linguistic technique that produces a specific effect, esp.. Geiger of speech, narrative style, or plot mechanism Metaphor Simile Oxymoron Diction Style of speaking or writing determined by the choice affords by a speaker or a writer, “Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard Are sweeter: therefore, ye soft pipes, play on” Didactic Refers to a particular philosophy in art and literature that emphasizes the idea that different forms Of art and literature ought to convey information and instructions along with pleasure and entertainment. “All animals are equal but a few are more equal than Others. Digression A temporary departure from the main subject in speech rewriting. The novel begins With a description Of the conception Of the main character; however his actual birth doesn’t happen for roughly 200 pages. Discourse speech or writing normally longer than sentences which deals with a certain subject formally in the form of writing or speech I marvel how Nature could ever find space For so many strange contrasts in one human face: There’s thought and no thought, and there’s paleness and bloom And bustle and sluggishness, pleasure and gloom Doppelgänger A person that is a look-alike of another person. Man is not truly one, but truly two Dyspepsia community or society that is in some important way undesirable or frightening The City of Ember (2003) by Jeanne Dupers Elegiac Having a mournful quality. “Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear,/Compels me to disturb your season due:/For Lucidly is dead, dead ere his prime,/Young Lucidly, and hath not left his peer”-“Lucidly” by John Milton Epigraph a phrase, quotation, or poem that is set at the beginning of a document or component Layovers, suppose, were children once. ? Charles Lamb (from TO Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee) Epiphany That moment in the Story where a character achieves realization, awareness or a leaning of knowledge after which events are seen through the prism of this new light in the story? There is a divinity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how we may. Apostrophe the repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream Epistolary written in the form of a series of letters Bloodline by Kate Cary Epithet A literary device that describes a person, place or thing in such a way that it brings out or makes prominent the typical characteristic of the person, place or thing described. “I’ve come, As you surmise, with comrades on a ship, Sailing across the wine-dark sea to men Whose style of speech is very different. ћ” Ethos Represents credibility or an ethical appeal which involves persuasion by the character involved. “Our expertise in roofing contracting is evidenced not only by our 100 years in the business and our staff Of qualified technicians, but in the decades of satisfied customers who have come to expect nothing but the best. ” Euphemism Polite, indirect expressions which replace words and phrases considered harsh and impolite or Which suggest something unpleasant. You are becoming a little hint on top (bald). Expository used to introduce the background information about events, settings, characters etc. o the audience or readers. Star Wars-The exposition in this movie is the opening title sequence that gives information about the past events to the viewers Eulogy A speech or writing in praise of a person(s) or thing(s), especially one recently dead or retired or a term of endearment. Words you read at a funeral Evidence a type of literary device that appears in different categories of essays and theses in the form of paraphrase and quotations ‘While she wobbled and wobbled and manned, she did not fall. She responded with speed and motion. She would not stop moving’ (163).
As she biked, walked, rode the bus all over the city, “she kept moving as if her life depended on it, which in some ways it did. She ran, as she had done most of her life, but this time she was running for her own sanity (164). Flashback an interruption of the chronological sequence (as of a film or literary work) of an event of earlier occurrence The Bible is a good source of flashback examples. In the Book of Matthew, we see a flashback has been used when Joseph, governor f Egypt, sees his brothers after several years, Joseph “remembered his dreams” about his brothers and how they sold him into slavery in the past.
Facilitation he perspective through Which a narrative is presented Hemingway, Ernest. “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomb Foil A character that shows qualities that are in contrast With the qualities Of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the other character. We notice in William Shakespearean play ‘]lulus Caesar” a twofold foil. Cassias is a foil to Brutes and Brutes as a foil to Antonym. Both Cassias and Brutes conspire to kill Caesar but Cassias is prone to treachery than Brutes and thus is easily given to his evil ambition.
Brutes, on the other hand, hesitates to join the plot without careful analysis of the whole scenario. Cassias even goes to the extent that he does not shy away from writing phony letters to convince Brutes on joining the plot. Brutes, in contrast, is bent on relying on his own reason and his awareness of his dignified obligations as a Roman to do the inevitable, Moreover, Brutes is a foil to Antonym because Brute’s honesty and simplicity are in a clear contrast to Antonym’s qualities of deception and over-ambition.
Foreshadowing A write gives an advance hint of what is to come in the later in the story. “Life were better ended by their hate, Than death prorogued, wanting of thy love” Genre A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter. Mystery, folk tale, fantasy Gothic combines fiction, horror and Romanticism The Moonstone – Willie Collins Hamster A personal error in a protagonists personality that brings about his tragic downfall in a tragedy.
This defect in a hero’s personality is also known as a “tragic flaw. [o be, or not to be-that is the question: Whether ‘its nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune Or to take arms against a sea of troubles And by opposing end them. To die, to sleep… ” Hero characters who, in the face of danger and adversity or from a position of weakness, display courage and the will tort sell-sacrifice?that is, heroism?for some greater good of all humanity Hamlet Hubris Extreme pride and arrogance shown by a character that ultimately brings about his downfall. Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heaven Hyperbole “over-casting” m dying of shame Imagery To use figurative language to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses. The girl ran her hands on a soft satin fabric. ? The idea Of touch in this example appeal to our sense Of touch or tactile sense. Inductive A conclusion reached through reasoning. An inductive statement is derived using facts and instances which lead to the formation of a general opinion. This marble from the bag is black. That marble from the bag is black. A third marble from the bag is black. Therefore all the marbles in the bag black. ” Inference glacial deductions are made based on premises assumed to be true “It was after we started with Gatsby toward the house that the gardener saw Willow’s body a little way off in the grass, and the holocaust was complete. ” Invective Denotes speech or writing that attacks, insults, or denounces a person, topic, or institution. L cannot but conclude the bulk four natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth. ” Irony Words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. The name of Britain’s biggest dog was ‘Tint’. Juxtaposition Two or more ideas, places, characters and their actions etc. Are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts.
John Million’s “Paradise Lost” is clearly based on the juxtaposition of two characters: God and Satan. Frequently in the poem, the bad qualities of Satan and the good qualities of God are placed side by side and comparison hence made brings to the surface the contrast between the two characters Kitsch things (such as movies or works Of art) that are Of low quality and that many people find amusing and enjoyable Fuzzy dice Literal Representing the exact words of the original text. “The dog died” instead of “The dog went to the big farm in the sky. Litotes Employs an understatement by using double negatives or, in other words, positive statement is expressed by negating its opposite expressions. The ice cream was not too bad. Logos Persuading by the use of reasoning. “The data is perfectly clear: this investment has consistently turned a profit year- over-year, even in spite of market declines in other areas,” Metonymy a tiger tot speech that takes the place tot the name of a thing with the name of meeting else with which it is closely associated Pen is mightier than sword. (Pen refers to written words and sword to military force. Microcosm A community, place, or situation regarded as encapsulating in miniature the characteristic qualities or features of something much larger. Man regarded as an epitome of the overloud Mood Evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions river, reflecting the clear blue of the sky, glistened and sparkled as it flowed noiselessly on. ” Motif An object or idea that repeats itself throughout a literary work. “Frailty, thy name IS woman” Narrative A report Of related event present to the listeners or readers in words arranged in a logical sequence. Animal Farm” by George Melt is an example of a modern narrative that aims at extending Miter’s political views. It is a form Of narrative known as a political satire. It uses animals on a farm to describe the overthrow of the last of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II and the Communist Revolution of Russia before WWW II. The actions of the animals on the farm are used to expose the greed and corruption of the Revolution. It also describes how powerful people can change the ideology of a society. Narrator A person who narrates something, esp.. Character who recounts the events of a novel or narrative poem, Holder Coalfield, the narrator and main character in The Catcher in the Rye Naturalism A manner or technique of treating subject matter that presents, through volume of detail, a deterministic view of human life and actions. Naturalism was popular in literature from the sass to the sass Nostalgia the state of being homesick When someone is on a cruise and want to go back home Onomatopoeia A word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing, which it describes. The buzzing bee flew away.
Organization ode Of building, construction, or organization; arrangement Of parts, elements, or constituents The flow of a particular story Overstatement The action of expressing or stating something too strongly; exaggeration. “I’m going to die” when it really is JUST a scratch. A figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect. Open secret Paradox Contrary to expectations, existing belief or perceived opinion. I am nobody. Pathos A quality of an experience in life or a work of art that stirs up emotions of pity, sympathy and sorrow. If we do not leave this place soon, we will end up yelling or help. We do not see anyone to help us here, So, leave this place and live”-the statement evokes emotions of fear. Persona The aspect of someone’s character that is presented to or perceived by others. A politician wants to come off to voters as a regular, nice guy who cares about normal people He uses folksy language and common metaphors, he appears on TV shows and is congenial and he is always friendly and joking. He has a positive public persona as someone who cares about others. Recertification A thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes. The wind whispered through dry grass. Perspective The art Of drawing solid Objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each Other when viewed from a particular point. Gamely therapy Sensitivity training Point Of view the angle of considering things which shows us the opinion or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation “l felt like I was getting drowned with shame and disgrace. Propaganda information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Trash talking Posters portraying negative images/ideas Prose Has no formal metrical structure. It applies a natural flow tot speech, and ordinary grammatical structure rather than rhythmic structure, such as in the case of traditional poetry. ‘The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before sleep, And miles to go before sleep. ” Protagonist The central character or leading figure in it.
Luke Jaywalker-Star Wars Purpose The reason for which something is done or created or for which something exists. TO make you laugh, cry, etc. Realism the trend, beginning With mid nineteenth-century French literature and extending to late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century authors, toward depictions of contemporary life and society as it was, or is. George Elite’s novel Middleware Reflective Relating to or characterized by deep thought; thoughtful, Reflecting on what you did Repetition Repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer.
I’m nobody! Who are you? Are you nobody too? Then there’s a pair of us-don’t tell! They’d banish us you know. Retrospection the action of looking back on or reviewing past events or situations, esp.. Those in one’s own life. To kill a mockingbird by Harper lee Rhetoric Using language effectively and persuasively in spoken or written form. It is an art of discourse, which studies and employs various methods to convince, influence or please an audience. How did this idiot does get elected? ? A rhetorical question to convince others that “idiot does not deserve to be elected. Rhetorical device a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance) Analogy Romanticism A movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. Beethoven’s “Symphony No. 9” Sarcasm To speak bitterly. Manic Sarcasm – This type of sarcasm is delivered in an unnatural happy mood that it makes the speaker look like he has gone crazy.
Satire To expose and criticize foolishness and corruption tot an individual or a society by using humor, irony, exaggeration or ridicule. It intends to improve the humanity by criticizing its follies and cobbles Mat’s the use you learning to do right, when it’s troublesome to do right and isn’t no trouble to do wrong, and the wages is just the same? ” Setting The place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an vent takes place. Living mom in New York Cozy waterfront cottage Makes a comparison, showing similarities between ton different things.
Her cheeks are red like a rose. Speaker The voice in a poem or the narrator of the story. Main Character/narrator Syllogism an instance of a form of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn (whether validly or not) from two given or assumed propositions (premises), each of which shares a term with the conclusion, and shares a common or middle term not present in the conclusion all dogs are animals; all animals have four legs; Hereford all dogs have four legs Symbolism His use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities why giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.