Rome becomes an ideal in the recovery of art, architecture, philosophical writings. Transcriptions are made of ancient scholar works, which are some of the only copies of these works preserved to this day. As a result of a need for extended text on the scarce surface of permanents, a new epistyle called minuscule is developed, which will have become the ground for today’s modern epistyle.
Gina Fischer thus explains this Carolingian revival: -ћFrom an artistic point of view, the characteristic element of the Carolingian Renaissance, is he persistence to reinforce, through the restoration of the Empire, the culture that, sparse and defective, found its resort in desolate monasteries. To rediscover the greatness of Antique was a myth, and, at the same time, an aspiration for a new prestige; still it is a retrieval of immortal virtues and ideas that began to fade and obscure. “l The centers of this new scholarship were monasteries.
They incorporated scriptorium where the transcriptions were made; the architecture was improved on their trustees, and the interior was used for decorative art development. Still, secular clergy was kept outside of the monasteries, and they were educated in cathedral schools: -ћEven though cathedral schools became important institutions in ecclesiastical community, very little is known about them in the Carolingian period, and a certain thing is that clericals were generally corrupted, at least in Gaul.
Bishops were often laymen and ignorant, they spent their lives on family feuds, in political intrigues, warfare, hunting and other favorite occupations of the half-barbaric nobility. The remarkable ones that could have become intellectual leaders, spent their energy Christianizing pagan lands or reforming Christian hierarchy in those already Christianizes. Therefore their enthusiasm for teaching and writing slowly faded away. This was the reason that both 7th and 8th century in Europe were quite destitute in literary creation and scholarship. There were only a few prominent writers. “2 Carolingian Renaissance By tattooing